Canada Income Tax Rates Changed in 2023: Everything You Need to Know

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Are you curious about the latest updates on income tax rates in Canada for the year 2023? Look no further! In this article, we will provide you with all the key information regarding this topic. From understanding how income tax is calculated to exploring the changes in tax rates, we’ve got you covered.

How is Income Tax Calculated in Canada?

Before we dive into the specific tax rates, let’s first understand how income tax is calculated in Canada. Income tax is collected on behalf of the federal, provincial, and territorial governments. The amount you pay is based on your income level. The official website of the Government of Canada provides a comprehensive table where you can check the tax rates applicable to your income.

Federal Tax Rates

Here is the most updated table that showcases the federal tax rates in Canada:

  • For individuals with an income of $53,359 or less, a federal tax rate of 15% is applied.
  • If your income falls within the range of $53,360 to $106,717, you will pay 15% on the first portion and 20.5% on the next portion.
  • For incomes above $106,717, an additional 26% tax rate is applied on the subsequent portion of your income.

To help you understand the calculation better, let’s consider an example. Suppose your annual income is $75,000. You would pay 15% on the first portion of $53,359, which amounts to $8,003.85. On the remaining income of $21,641, a tax rate of 20.5% would be applied.

Provincial Tax Rates

It’s important to note that provincial tax rates vary across different provinces. If you reside in Ontario, the tax rates for the year 2023 are as follows:

  • 5.05% on the initial segment of your income, which is $49,231.
  • If you surpass the first segment, you will pay 9.15% on the subsequent portion of your income.

Understanding Indexation

Now, let’s discuss an important aspect of income tax – indexation. In 2023, there has been a significant increase in the indexation rate, reaching up to 6.3%. This change is noteworthy as it directly impacts the tax rates and ultimately affects the amount you pay.

Indexation is the process of adjusting tax brackets, amounts, and tax credits to account for inflation. The purpose behind indexation is to ensure that individuals are not automatically pushed into higher tax brackets due to inflationary effects. This increase in indexation will provide relief to taxpayers by allowing their income to increase in line with inflation, preventing them from paying more taxes due to inflation alone.

Where to Find the Complete Tax Rates?

To access the complete tax rates for all provinces and territories, you can visit the official website of the Government of Canada. We have provided a link to the page in the description box below.


In summary, understanding income tax rates in Canada is crucial for every taxpayer. By knowing how taxes are calculated, the different tax brackets, and the recent changes in indexation, individuals can plan their finances better and make informed decisions. Remember to check the specific tax rates applicable to your province and stay updated with any future changes that may occur.

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This article is only for informational purposes and does not constitute professional financial advice. Please consult with a qualified tax professional for personalized advice.